By: Janine Sanborn, West Oaks Urgent Care Content Writer
Arthritis is when one or more of your joints become inflamed. Your joints become painful and stiff that tend to get worse as your grow older. An individual may also experience swelling, redness and decreased range of motion.
There are two main types of arthritis, Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type where it causes to joint’s cartilage to wear-and-tear. Bones can grind directly on another bone, which causes a lot of pain and restricted movement. Rheumatoid arthritis is when an individual’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule. The lining, also known as he synovial membrane, becomes inflamed and swollen. This can potentially ruin cartilage and bones within the joint.
Some risk factors are:
- Obesity: Put stress on joints, particularly knees, hips and spine. They are at a higher risk of developing arthritis.
- Gender: Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
- Age: Risk increases with age.
- Family history: Some types of arthritis run in the family.
Options for Treating and Managing Arthritis
There are many options that help with decreasing pain and symptoms as well as improving joint function. Medications are used depending on the type of arthritis. There are medications that help reduce pain, but do not have an effect on inflammation. There are also medications that help with pain and inflammation. Creams may help pain and aches, as well as drugs helping the immune response. Other options are physical therapy, which will help improve your range of motion. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary. For immediate arthritis relief, West Oaks Urgent Care can help you treat and deal with the pain. For long-term treatments and managing Arthritis it may be best to talk to your doctor to determine what is best for you.